Principle of the therapeutic effect of treatment by stem cells

Stem cell therapy

Stem cells are cells of the body able to restore damaged or worn-out tissues and cells. They are located in different parts of the body including bone marrow and adipose tissue.

Stem cells have two basic functions:
1. ability of self-renewal
2. capacity of renewal and repair of damaged tissues and cells

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).
Mesenchymal stem cells are very powerful stem cells that can differentiate into various cell types in the process of tissue repair. It has been proved that mesenchymal stem cells differentiate in the tissues of collagen, bone and cartilage type.
These mesenchymal stem cells MSCs have enormous potential for regeneration due to injury, degenerative joint changes and osteoarthroses in particular.
At the same time we make use of bioactive growth factors from platelets (Platelet Rich Plasma - PRP), which acts as a potent stimulant of tissue growth and enhances the natural process of tissue repair and healing.
This effect of the application of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and bioactive growth factors from platelets (PRP) is used in orthopedics and rheumatology for regeneration of articular surface - cartilage - especially in the treatment of articular cartilage defects and articular arthrosis.

Adipose tissue
Adipose tissue serves both for storage of energy reserves in the form of fat. Currently the expert public still increasingly discusses the role of adipose tissue as a source of stem cells for reconstruction of various tissues. 1 ml of adipose tissue contains 100 000 and 500 000 of stem cells, which is many times more than 1 ml of bone marrow! The best available is the adipose tissue in the abdomen, lower abdomen and buttocks. It can be easily obtained under local anaesthesia. An experienced surgeon can suck it in a few minutes without any risk of scarring.